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It is a political process by an individual or group which aims to influence public opinion, public-policy and resource allocation decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions. It can include many activities that a person or organization undertakes including media campaigns, public speaking, commissioning and publishing research.


Altmetrics is a new metrics proposed as an alternative to the widely used journal impact factor and personal citation indices such as h-index. The term altmetrics was proposed in 2010, as a generalization of article level metrics, and has its roots in the twitter #altmetrics hashtag.

Article Influence® score

The article influence determines the average influence of a journal's articles over the first five years after publication. It is calculated by dividing a journal’s EFS by the number of articles in the journal, normalized as a fraction of all articles in all publications.

Arts & Humanities Citation Index

It is the third commercially available citation index, launched in 1978 by the ISI. Now it is available with the WoS/ WoK platform.

Author Addendum

A legal instrument that modifies the publisher's agreement and allows you to keep key rights to your articles.

Author Rights

A bundle of rights which are part of copyright law, such as right to share, use, reuse, modify, perform and remix.


Capacity Building

It is a conceptual approach to development that focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit people, governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations from realizing their developmental goals while enhancing the abilities that will allow them to achieve measurable and sustainable results. It is also referred to as capacity development.


It is a reference to a text or part of a text identifying the document in which it may be found.

Citation analysis

It is the examination of the frequency, patterns, and graphs of citations in articles and books. It uses citations in scholarly works to establish links to other works or other researchers. It is one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics.

Citation Index

It is a bibliographic tool in print or electronic format that lists all referenced or cited source items published in a given time span.

Cited Half-Life

 It is a measurement used to estimate the impact of a journal. It is the number of years, going back from the current year, that account for 50% of the total citations received by the cited journal in the current year. ISI developed this calculation to provide an indicator as to the long-term value of source items in a single journal publication.

Citing Half-Life

 The number of journal publication years, going back from the current year that account for 50% of the total citations given by the citing journal in the current year. ISI developed this calculation to provide an indicator of the subtle changes in scope of a publication over the course of time.


It is a pact or treaty among individuals or groups, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest, joining forces together for a common cause. This alliance may be temporary or a matter of convenience.


An arrangement whereby software or artistic work may be used, modified, and distributed freely on condition that anything derived from it is bound by the same conditions.


The exclusive and assignable legal right, given to the originator or creator or author for a fixed number of years, to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material.

Copyright Transfer Agreement

An agreement between authors and publishers, where authors transfer some exclusive rights to publishers.


Delayed OA

It offers free access after a specified period. A journal will make its articles freely available after a period of time, anywhere from 6 months to 2 years.

Digital Preservation

In library and archival science context, it is a formal endeavour to ensure that digital information of continuing value remains accessible and usable.


Eigenfactor® score

It is based on the number of times articles from the journal published in the past five years have been cited in the JCR year, but it also considers which journals have contributed these citations so that highly cited journals will influence the network more than lesser cited journals. References from one article in a journal to another article from the same journal are removed, so that Eigenfactor Scores are not influenced by journal self-citation.


Gratis OA

It removes price barriers alone. It is free of charge, but not free of copyright, or licensing restrictions.



It refers to Hirsch’s H-Index, suggested by physicist Jorge E. Hirsch. It is the largest number h such that h publications have at least h citations.

Hybrid OA

It offers free availability of certain articles written by authors who choose to pay a publication charge or APC to make their articles OA immediately on publication, while the rest of the articles requires a subscription to access.


i10 Index

It, introduced in 2011 by Google Scholar, indicates the number of academic publications an author has written that have at least ten citations from others.

Institutional Repository

It is an online archive for collecting, preserving, and disseminating digital copies of the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution. Usually it is in OA.


Journal Citation Reports

It is a tool, launched in 1975 by the ISI, for ranking academic journals analysing citations count, journal impact factor and journal immediacy index. Presently it has two annual editions for science and social sciences, based on SCI-E and SSCI.

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