1.7 Countries with OA Legislations
National legislations related to OA are presently available only with six countries but many developing countries have started giving serious thought on it. The national OA legislations presently in action are:
Ukraine government supports deposit9 of publicly funded research outcomes in OA repositories. On June 12, 2009, it included an OA endorsement. Seven OA institutional policies have been adopted in Donetsk National Technical University, Kharkov National Medical University, Sumy State University, Ternopol State Ivan Puluj Technical University, and Ukrainian Academy of Banking of the National Bank of Ukraine, V.N. Karazin Kharkov National University, and Charitable Foundation NaUKMA.
To help small and medium size enterprises to have access to knowledge and innovations, the government of Poland (the Chancellery of the Prime Minister and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education) is working on a legislation to make the results of publicly funded research open access: deposited in open access repositories and/or published in open access journals. You can also watch an interview10with Under-Secretary of State, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education Professor Maciej Banach, conducted by Bozena Bednarek-Michalska, Nicolaus Copernicus University Library in Torun and EIFL-OA country coordinator in Poland during Open Access Week (October 2010) (in Polish language).
Spain has implemented legislation on open access in three levels- national level, regional level (all “7 Universities’ repositories based on Madrid. The harvester is called e-ciencia.) and institutional level ( 15 Institutional Open Access Policies & Mandates). This national open access law 14/2011, of June 1st, on Science, Technology and Innovation under the Article 37 titled “Open Access Dissemination” “compels the Spanish researcher to archive in an Open Access repository all the scientific publications made under the National Public R&D funding scheme.“
The new Brazilian Access to Information Law, approved by the Senate and ratified by President Dilma Roussef in November 2011, came into force by 16 May 2012. It is a bold step towards greater transparency and involvement whilst providing a stronger framework to embrace access to information. This law is the fruit of the advocacyby leading journalists, NGOs and some members of Congress and Government to gain recognition, as a promoter of transparency and open governments, with one of the co-founders of the Open Government Partnership - OGP.
Argentina senate passed the law on open access on November 13th, 2013.