3.2 Institutional Repositories
The term institutional repositories refer to a digital archive that is available online. The purpose of institutional repositories is to collect, preserve and disseminate digital copies of the intellectual output of a research institution for global visibility of the institution’s scholarly research.The field of library and information science is progressing rapidly in digital endeavor. This domain is trying to spread its task of organization, navigation and dissemination of knowledge (especially in the form of scholarly communication) in favor of high information inflation. But, it is difficult to manage all these sporadic information. The reason being quite simple - much of the intellectual output and value of an institution's intellectual property is diffused through thousands of scholarly communications around the world. An institutional repository concentrates the intellectual product created by researchers, making it easier to demonstrate its scientific, social and financial value. These emerging knowledge entities are contributing greatly in developing open access knowledge movement. Institutional Digital Repositories (IDRs) are digital collections that organize, preserve, and make accessible the intellectual output of a single institution or a group of related institutions (Crow, 2002).