3.4 Open Science
The Open Knowledge Foundation Open Science Group97describes Open Science primarily as science that includes scientific knowledge that people are free to use, re-use and distribute without legal, technological or social restrictions. The Open Science Working Group activity focuses on three areas: open data (encouraging scientists to practice open notebook science), campaigning for Open Access and publishing open research. They build tools, apps, datasets and guidelines to facilitate all these aspectsof open science. In general this movement is trying to make it easier to publish and communicate scientific knowledge.A few Open Science projects include the Allen Brain Atlas98, Galaxy Zoo99and The Encyclopaedia of Life100. Organisations practising or promoting Open Science include amongst others the Open Knowledge Foundation101 and the Public Library of Science102.