2.7 Let us sum up
In this Unit, you have learned about two important academic publishing channels, namely peer reviewed journals, conferences and their proceedings. This Unit also highlights different methods and procedures of peer reviewing for publishing primary literature emanated from research studies. The peer reviewing is essential for validating quality of research findings conveyed by researchers, which are subject to fulfilment of ethical standards and appropriate research design, sampling and other methodological issues. Scientific communities give considerable values to peer-reviewed contents for engaging themselves in valid knowledge formation, knowledge transmission and proliferation of scientific research. Researchers in social sciences and humanities disciplines also have common practices of publishing monographs, and chapters in edited books. Research monographs and edited books, if peer-reviewed, are also considered as effective channels of scholarly communication. Conference proceeding is another effective channel of scholarly communications, where scholars and practitioners in scientific disciplines widely participate to disseminate their research results. A conference is two way communications. Scientists come to talk of their work and listen to what others have to say on developments in their area. The authors of accepted papers present their findings in an audience with similar scientific backgrounds. In a Q&A session after author’s presentation, session chair, discussants, and observers express their feedbacks and critical comments on different aspects of a presented paper, including its flaws. Thus, conference papers help the researchers in identifying their drawbacks in research design or research findings and help them in improving their research and knowledge. For the novice a conference teaches both writing and presentation skills.