In an academic research environment, scholarly communications become central part of the deliberations. Many a times, it your research work and publications that provides you identity in your discipline. Research communications are carried out using certain forms of research literature. Most important ones are peer-reviewed scholarly journals, conference proceedings, research monographs, dissertations and research reports. These types of research literature are popularly known as primary sources or primary literature as they provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. While in Module 1, you have learned about the scholarly communication process, in this unit we will discuss the steps in publishing a research paper. It may be noted that there are variations in practice, but we will discuss a more generic approach in this unit.