3.3 Open Data
Open Data is defined as research data (across different disciplines) that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most to the requirements to attribute and share-alike (OpenDefinition.org). Open Data can be made available through an institutional repository or linked to a journal article published in an Open Access journal, and can take on various forms such as data sets, maps, charts/graphs, video clips, calculations, sound recordings and many more. The Open Knowledge Foundation94 distinguishes between and defines the following types of Open Data:
The World Bank Open Data95 resource provides for example free and open access to data about development in countries around the globe. Read more about Open Data from The Open Data Handbook96, or visit a list of Open Data repositories listed by the Open Access Directory.