In an academic research environment, scholarly communication requires peer reviewing to ensure quality assurance, adherence to presentation and ethical standards, and novelty in reported research results. Peer reviewers are drawn from the qualified as well as members of the profession within the relevant field. This evaluation by the experts ensures conformity to prevailing norms and adheres to effective self-regulation of scientific contents. Similar to open access publishing platforms, some senior researchers have now established open peer review platforms to help the prospective authors with transparent method of selecting papers in scholarly journals and academic conferences. The researchers in different countries also need to identify appropriate journals for submitting their manuscripts. As high ranking journals have higher rate of rejection and also sometimes are prejudiced or biased in editorial decision-making on submitted manuscripts. Therefore, authors from developing countries should identify their publishing venues very judiciously. The author guidelines, available in journals’ websites or print issues, should be consulted thoroughly to avoid any rejection due to mismatched or out-of-focus submissions. In this Unit, discovery processes in journal publishing and academic conferences are briefly discussed to help the researchers in guiding their efforts in enhancing their scientific productivity and higher rate of paper acceptance.